Something to look into…
From Foreign Affairs
Instability of power led to greater warfare to inceasing development of military technology paid for by much higher taxes than elsewhere (eg China was a stable empire with much lower taxes which was spent on infrastructure rather than military…
A few centuries of this led to better tech, bigger forces, a willingness to use this force and an expansionary outlook for resources
Interesting story and annual photo timeline of the near disappearance of what was once the world’s 4th biggest lake… And what happens when humans try to manipulate nature… 😦
of 1989 to 2003 images, with some info about the building of a dyke to save the northern part.
With links at the bottom to further reading.
A good range of factors in home building that we seem to have spurned in favour of cheap concrete boxes with expensive to run air conditioners….
And thanks to the wonders of Facebook’s ‘people also shared’ …
Having lived and worked in Brunei and Singapore – on the equator – the difference between Bruneian architecture with verandahs or shades over windows more in the old Malay kampong style, versus Singapore’s ‘modern’ designs which rely heavily on air con was striking. In a new school building (opened 2010) there were no windows to open – and so air conditioning had to run for 7-8 hours a day in 30+ classrooms, plus offices, even if it was comparatively cool outside. In my Bruneian school, air flow plus fans (generally) meant classrooms weren’t too bad. And you get used to it!
Soldiers for hire in the 18th century, including in the American Revolution. Quite detailed article of this German state which raised money by pimping out its soldiers
The most famous Hessian, according to the article?